What is Autoclave
An autoclave is possibly, one of the most important devices in the medical field. Autoclaves are used in sterilization. The benefit of using an autoclave is that it can reach temperatures higher than boiling water alone, so it can kill not only bacteria but also bacterial spores, which lean to be resistant. The autoclave is used in industry to “cure” some products during the manufacturing process. Autoclaves are also exercised in laboratories to declare items such as glassware and surgical equipment are disinfected. The autoclave comes in several types. One of the simplest autoclaves looks a great deal like a pressure cooker. It is a large pot with a gauge on top and bolts that fasten the top to the pot.
An autoclave was first created in 1879 by French microbiologist Charles Chamberlain. He worked with the famed Louis Pasteur on his study into sterilization and pasteurization.
Autoclaves are based on the principal that the boiling point of water increases when it is below pressure. At 15 pounds of pressure per square inch, the boiling point of water increases from 100 degrees Celsius to 121 degrees Celsius. At this temperature, all life forms are killed within 15 minutes.
Autoclaves are generally exercised in microbiology, medicine, sterilizing instruments for body piercing, veterinary science, dentistry, podiatry and metallurgy. The huge carbon-fiber combined parts for the Boeing 787, such as wing and fuselage parts, are healed in large autoclaves.
Autoclaves are filled with water and work through creating steam within a surrounded environment, which builds up pressure. The air within the autoclave is gradually swapped with steam, which can reach higher temperatures than the air. High-temperature steam can surround and infiltrate the items, even reaching within the splits in stainless steel instruments. This process kills all bacteria, viruses and bacterial spores.
Autoclaving allows materials to be sterilized within a qualified short time frame without the use of reagents. It also allows substances such as surgical and dental equipment to be recycled. Therefore, autoclaving is an ecologically friendly option.
Autoclaves can be tremendously dangerous. Pressure builds up inside the autoclave and if the door is not sealed correctly it can open with great force and cause injury. If liquids are autoclaved, care must be taken to have sufficient head space in the container and to not have it sealed. Liquids also have to be cooled slowly behind the procedure is finished.